This chart provides a snapshot of the primary vaccine sufficiency ratio for the priority group across countries by World Bank income classification.
It shows the extensive margin of vaccine sufficiency (whether countries have started to vaccinate at all, which is represented by the circular inner and outer bars) and the intensive margin (the actual level of the sufficiency ratio, which is represented by the vertical bars for each country). Note that as for the extensive margin most countries have started the vaccination process when it comes to the primary vaccination cycle, which is why the circular bars are almost entirely blue. But this was not the case earlier as this dynamic version of the chart shows. Note also that universal coverage on both the extensive and intensive margins would amount to this donut turning entirely blue.
The ratio is defined as the total number of primary doses that have been administered to the total population divided by the size of the priority group in that population. Primary doses are doses that pertain to the primary (first) vaccination cycle and thus exclude boosters. The priority group includes all seniors aged above 60 and all health workers (physicians, nurses and midwives) below 60 – the latter age cut-off to avoid double counting. For further details on the concept and measurement of the priority group, see the note on the priority group in the background section below.
Note that vaccine sufficiency for the priority group does not measure actual vaccination of the priority group.
It therefore measures, in a minimalistic way, whether the a proxy for the supply of vaccines (the total doses administered to the total population thus far) could have been sufficient to cover fully the priority group.
Like the vaccine coverage ratio, the vaccine sufficiency ratio converts the doses administered into double-dose equivalents, so that we get consistent comparisons across countries that are invariant to the mix of vaccines used. That means that doses belonging to 1-dose protocols are multiplied by 2 whereas doses belonging to 3-dose protocols are multiplied by 2/3. With this adjustment, we achieve 200 as the full coverage milestone.
Finally, the vaccine sufficiency ratio is censored at 200 at the country level (not the level of the aggregation). Once the priority group can be fully covered in a particular country with 200 adjusted shots per 100 people in the group, we consider that vaccine sufficiency (in the minimal sense of the concept) has been attained. Larger values are set at 200.
For further details on this method, check out this post and the background note below on double-dose equivalents, the global priority group and other aspects.